Lampedusa is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, the southernmost point in Italy, located only 70 miles from the African shores.
It is a prime transit site for migrants trying to enter Europe from Africa, Asia and the Middle East:: 500.000 people landed in Lampedusa during the last 15 years. 
Since the 2011 Arab Spring, in the wake of change in regime, thousands of Tunisians and Libyans fled their homeland: in less than six months, more than 50.000 immigrants arrived on the island, hosted in a temporary refugee camp, originally built with a maximum capacity of 850 boat people.
From January to April 2015, at least 1600 migrants died on the Central Mediterranean route (from Libya to Lampedusa), making it the deadliest migrant route in the world.