Lampedusa is an island in the Mediterranean Sea, the southernmost point in Italy, located only 70 miles from the African shores.
It has made international news as a prime transit site and first landing point for migrants hoping to enter Europe from Africa, the Middle East and Asia: 500.000 is the estimate number of people arrived to Lampedusa during the last 15 years. 
Since the 2011 Arab Spring, in the wake of change in regime, thousands of Tunisians and Libyans fled their homeland in search of a a future in Europe: in less than six months, more than 50.000 immigrants arrived on the island, where they were hosted in a temporary refugee camp, originally built with a maximum capacity of 850 boat people.
From January to April 2015, about 1600 migrants died on the Central Mediterranean route (the route from Libya to Lampedusa), making it the deadliest migrant route in the world.